Refugees and persons needing protection are people in or outside Canada who fear returning to their country of nationality or habitual residence. In keeping with its humanitarian tradition and international obligations, Canada provides protection to thousands of people every year.

Through its refugee protection system, Canada offers safe haven to persons with a well-founded fear of persecution, as well as those at risk of torture or cruel and unusual treatment or punishment. Canada’s refugee protection system consists of two main components:

    1. The Refugee and Humanitarian Resettlement Program, for people seeking protection from outside Canada; and
    2. Asylum in Canada, for persons making refugee protection claims from within Canada.