Adopted Minors of Canadian citizens can apply to become Canadian citizens.

Minor children must:

  • be under 18 years of age at the time of the application;
  • be a permanent resident of Canada;
  • have at least one parent (includes adoptive parent) who is a Canadian citizen or who will become a citizen at the same time as the child (applying together as a family).

Minor children must not:

  • be subject to any prohibition under the Citizenship Act  and/or
  • have any unfulfilled conditions relating to their permanent resident status; and/or
  • be under a removal order (asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada).

A guardian may file an application on behalf of a minor child as long as the child has at least one parent who is a Canadian citizen.

What are the other requirements for citizenship?

If the minor child is 14 -17 years of age when they sign the application, they must:

  • have adequate knowledge of one of the official languages of Canada;
  • be able to understand and speak basic English or French.

You will need to submit language proof for your child with the application and

be able to demonstrate in English or French adequate knowledge of:

  • Canada’s history,
  • geography,
  • government, and
  • the rights and responsibilities of citizenship

To find out if you qualify for citizenship as a minor click here to complete your free eligibility questionnaire


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